The random rantings of a concerned programmer.

Serving Packages Locally

March 27th, 2009 | Category: Random

I’m setting up a virtualized development environment for webdev stuff, so that we can easily instantiate our web stuff for each developer. There are some fun DNS tricks to provide a nice interface to it, but I’ll get around to talking about those in a later post (since I haven’t built and configured Lighttpd 1.5, which I’m going to use to proxy requests). A more pressing and basic issue is package management on the jail instances.

Jails will probably be created on-demand — someone will want to do something, so they’ll click a button and boom! a jail is created and it has SSH running and all the software they need installed. Naturally, this means that building ports is not an option — everything will have to be installed via packages. Even then, fetching packages is really slow (and sometimes they’re not available). There are some other catches (“We need version X of this package because that’s what’s in production”). One solution for both is to build the packages locally, in a jail.

The next trick is getting them to serve properly. I added an extra line into that build script –

find ${PACKAGE_DIR_PATH} -name '*.tbz' | xargs -I '{}' -n 1 cp '{}' ${PACKAGE_SERVE_PATH}

And have a jailed Lighttpd instance running in the bot-packages jail, serving /usr/local/www as the document root.

There’s a bitch of a catch here — you must put all your package tarballs in a directory named ‘All’. The pkg_install code is horrendous — when it processes the package dependencies, it takes the URL of the parent packages, lops off the filename and directory, then appends “All/” and the dependent package name. The logic is inconsistent with that of the behavior of pkg_add, so shit breaks.

You can fix this behavior with a patch I whipped up (but it’s easier to just work around the hacky system) –

--- usr.sbin/pkg_install/lib/url.c.orig 2009-03-26 19:56:12. +0000
+++ usr.sbin/pkg_install/lib/url.c      2009-03-26 20:41:44. +0000
@@ -57,7 +57,21 @@
        * to construct a composite one out of that and the basename we were
        * handed as a dependency.
-       if (base) {
+       if (getenv("PACKAGESITE")) {
+               if (strlcpy(fname, getenv("PACKAGESITE"), sizeof(fname))
+                       >= sizeof(fname)) {
+                       return NULL;
+               }
+               if (strlcat(fname, spec, sizeof(fname))
+                       >= sizeof(fname)) {
+                       return NULL;
+               }
+               if (strlcat(fname, ".tbz", sizeof(fname))
+                       >= sizeof(fname)) {
+                       return NULL;
+               }
+       }
+       else if (base) {
           strcpy(fname, base);
            * Advance back two slashes to get to the root of the package

Anyway, once you’ve either got that patch applied to your base source (ugh) or have all your package tarballs served from a directory named “All/”, you can easily install them in the jails by setting the PACKAGESITE environment variable to the base URI of the package directory before running pkg_add -r -

root@test> setenv PACKAGESITE
root@test> pkg_add -r lighttpd-1.4.22
Fetching Done.
Fetching Done.

You can probably integrate this into ezjail’s flavor system, but I have to write an interface to manage the jail instances anyway, so I’ll probably just hack the package installation process into that.

Someone needs to rewrite pkg_install. The code is PIG DISGUSTING!

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Automatic, Jailed Package Building

February 20th, 2009 | Category: Random

WordPress 2.7 can bite my fucking ass. STOP FUCKING EATING MY POSTS YOU REEKING PILE OF SHIT!

Anyway. I’ve ranted a lot about using jails as a means of isolating potentially vulnerable services from compromising one another, but there’s a lot more you can do with jails. I’m working on a system right now which provides disposable on-demand development environments: when a developer wants to do some work, they just instantiate a clean mirror of our production system, hammer away, then commit changes and throw away the environment.

One part of this system is maintaining all of the software between both the production environment and the jail instances in which the devel stuff runs — a perfect application for packages. For purposes of easy management, I just want to have a text file with a list of ports, ie


Then have a script go through that and build all the appropriate packages which then get picked up and installed automatically when a jail is instantiated (via ezjail, of course). Once you’ve got all of the packages, you can just serve them out over HTTP (by setting PACKAGE_SITE) or dump them into an ezjail flavor.

As much as I love ezjail, it didn’t exactly make this easy. The first catch is that you can’t actually build a package within an ezjail-instantiated jail because of the games it plays with the ports system (ie, the ports makefiles want to write the package tarball to /usr/ports, which is mounted as read-only). I kind of wanted the packages to be written outside of the jail anyway, since I just want to delete the jail when everything’s finished. Just the place for some mountpoint games –

# Change ezjail's symlink to a mountable directory
rm $BUILD_JAIL_PATH/usr/ports
mkdir $BUILD_JAIL_PATH/usr/ports

mount -t nullfs $JAIL_PATH/basejail/usr/ports $BUILD_JAIL_PATH/usr/ports
mount -t unionfs $PACKAGE_DIR_PATH $BUILD_DIR_PATH/usr/ports

The other nasty bit is actually building the packages within a jail from within an unjailed script. All it should take is a couple of for loops to configure and then package everything –

for PORT in $PACKAGE_LIST ; do
    cd /usr/ports/$PORT
    make config-recursive

for PORT in $PACKAGE_LIST ; do
    cd /usr/ports/$PORT
    make BATCH=yes package-recursive clean

Unfortunately, the ezjail-admin console command uses execvf to spawn a jailed process rather than sh -c (which is probably the way the jail command it uses internally does it), so you have to explicitly pass it the sh -c stuff, followed by the argument.

And I couldn’t figure out how the fuck to quote the nice big chunk of code properly, so I took a slightly different route — just cat it all into a file within the jail, then execute that script directly with ezjail-admin console. It’s retarded, but it works.




February 19th, 2009 | Category: Random

I think I might have mono, lol. Been incredibly fatigued with more phlegm than normal and a soft, dry cough. I’ve more appetite than usual, but I’m attributing that to an increase in physical activity the past couple weeks.

Anyway, I was yesterday and, sure enough, found some other legacy Perl scripts which have some nice vulnerabilities:

use CGI;
$query = new CGI;
$target = $query->param('link');
$TARGETPAGE = "../$target";
open(INFILE, "$TARGETPAGE") || die "bogus file supplied: $TARGETPAGE";
while(){ print STDOUT $_; }

Basically, it’s the nicest thing they could have done — send an unchecked user string to Perl’s open function. open has this awesome feature called a “pipe open”, whereby if the last character is a |, the filename is passed to sh -c and the file descriptor for the new process’s stdout is bound.

Anyway I had a nice long writeup about the machine in question but fucking WordPress is a faggy piece of software and ate the goddamn post. Spoiler it’s running FreeBSD 4.7 and is actually properly set up — Apache and MySQL are running in a jail, so even after rooting the machinejail I can’t get tentacles into the kernel to properly compromise it (and I was so looking forward to stretching my legs with a nice FreeBSD kernel module in C). If only our machines at work were set up so nicely.

boring nyoro~n

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January 30th, 2009 | Category: Random

I rm -rf /usr/local last night because my poor laptop was getting bogged down with too much bullshit software (it was to the point where portupgrade took more than 8 hours to complete, which is retarded). In non-BSD speak, this means I reduced my machine to a base install, removing all installed packages.

I fetched a new copy of the source tree and updated my kernel from 7.1-PRERELEASE to 7.1-RELEASE-p2 (about time lawds), updated my ports tree and started installing shit –

  • ports-mgmt/portmaster
  • editors/vim
  • sysutils/ezjail
  • x11/xorg-minimal

and then I went to bed. Fucking Xorg takes like a billion hours to compile (and installing from packages is more of a pain than it’s worth). I came to work this morning after it had finished and tried to get going with a startx, which failed — forgot to install x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati, of course.

After I got the driver re-installed, X came up, but neither the keyboard nor mouse worked. FFFFFFFFFFF. After a bit of digging (and reading UPDATING) I figure out that fucking Xorg is hell-bent on using hald instead of the shit that’s in the xorg.conf, so I kickstarted that shit and now everything works.

Fuck yeah Seaking.

Also I got paid like $1500 today and I’m gonna burn it all on hookers and blow tonight.